Who Was The Last Caliph Of Abbasid Dynasty?

As the final Caliph of the ‘Abbasid dynasty, Al-Musta’sim billah surrendered to his captors and was killed in a single night. As a result of his death, Islam’s world-empire was finally extinguished: robbed of their Pope-Emperor, the Muslims have, in reality, remained thus destitute until the present day.

Al-Mustaim (born 1212; died 1258), the final Abbsid caliph in Baghdad (reigned 1242–58), was the last Abbsid caliph in Baghdad. Al-Musta’im, who was ineffective himself and surrounded by counselors who had divergent viewpoints, was unable to mount a convincing defense against the Mongol conqueror Hülegü, the grandson of Genghis Khan.

The renowned towns of Bukhara and Samarkand were devastated, and millions of Muslims perished as a result of this atrocity. The Abbasid dynasty has come to an end. Al-Musta’sim was the last known and recognized ruler of the Muslim community. It was his death that effectively brought the Caliphate as a political and religious institution in the Middle East to a close.

How long did the Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo last?

The Abbasid caliphate of Cairo lasted until the reign of Al-Mutawakkil III, who reigned as caliph from 1508 to 1516.After that, he was briefly ousted in 1516 by his predecessor Al-Mustamsik, but was restored to the caliphate in 1517 after being deposed for a second time in 1517.In 1517, the Ottoman Great Sultan Selim I destroyed the Mamluk Sultanate and successfully integrated Egypt into the Ottoman Empire.

Who were the first and last caliphs of Islam?

Few other Muslim kingdoms have claimed to be caliphates throughout Islamic history, virtually all of which were hereditary monarchy, such as the Abbasid caliphs under the protection of the Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) and the Ayyubid Caliphate. Caliph Abu Bakr reigned for the first time, and the final caliph was Abdulmejid II.

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What was the capital of the Abbasid dynasty?

In 1261, the Abbasid line of monarchs, as well as Muslim civilization in general, re-established themselves in Cairo, the Mamluk capital of the time.However, even though the dynasty was devoid of political power (with the exception of Caliph Al-Musta’in of Cairo for a short period of time), it continued to assert religious authority for a few years following the Ottoman invasion of Egypt in 1517.

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